Westernmost outpost of the Illinois district in Upper Louisiana, it is intended to keep a watchful eye on both the Spanish in Santa Fe and French fur traders in the area.
Under continuing pressure from British colonists, many Delaware drift west once more, crossing the Alleghenies into western Pennsylvania.
July 15; the Delaware sign a treaty with Penn's repre-sentative William Markham at the present site of Germantown, Pennsylvania; Voltaire claims this is the only treaty with the Indians that whites never broke.1701 - July 24; Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit is founded by the French.
1560 - Iroquoian tribes south of the Great Lakes, at war with each other and surrounded by more numerous Algonquian enemies, are on the verge of extinction.
The Iroquois Confederacy, the League of the Five Nations, is founded by Deganawidah and Hiawatha. 1600 - The name "Hurons" is given to the Wyandots of the Huron Confederacy by the French.
The four nations are at the height of their power in Ouendake (the French Huronia), with 16 towns between Lake Simcoe and Georgian Bay in central Ontario.
Capital of the confederacy is the town of Ossossane on Nottawasaga Bay.